L3 – Appendix A Glossary

Armor-Piercing Ammunition. Handgun ammunition that is designed primarily for the purpose of penetrating metal or body armor and to be used principally in pistols and revolvers.

Baton. A type of club. These come in multiple varieties including expandable which can collapse into itself and side handled which has different grips that allow for different movements.

Chemical Dispensing Device. A device, other than a small chemical dispenser sold commercially for personal protection, that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of dispensing a substance capable of causing an adverse psychological or physiological effect on a human being.

Club. An instrument that is specially designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with the instrument

Code of Criminal Procedure. The set of rules governing the series of proceedings through which the government enforces substantive criminal law. Municipalities, states, and the federal government each have their own criminal codes, defining types of conduct that constitute crimes.

Concealment. Objects or structures that obscure persons from being seen.

Control. Degree of influence you must exert over another (violator) to safely take the person into custody.

Cover. Objects or structures that provide persons protection from harm.

Criminal Liability. Being held legally responsible for committing a criminal offense

Deadly Force. Means force that is intended or known by the actor to cause, or in the manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing, death or serious bodily injury. Deadly force does not only mean that you are shooting someone or striking the person to kill them. Deadly force, according to the law, can be striking someone with a fist in the face and breaking his nose, kicking to the groin, kicking to the knee, etc. Most strikes to targets that are not major muscle groups can lead to breaks and serious/permanent injury and are considered to be deadly force.

Explosive Weapon. Any explosive or incendiary bomb, grenade, rocket, or mine, that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury, death, or substantial property damage, or for the principal purpose of causing such a loud report as to cause undue public alarm or terror, and includes a device designed, made, or adapted for delivery or shooting an explosive weapon.

Firearm. Any device designed, made, or adapted to expel a projectile through a barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance or any device readily convertible to that use.

Handgun. Any firearm that is designed, made, or adapted to be fired with one hand.

Hard Empty Hand Control. To control active aggression, counterstrikes and restraints may be used. Examples are empty hand strikes and kicks. These techniques may result in minor injury including bruising, lacerations and contusions. Targets should be major muscle groups.

Hard Intermediate Weapon. Typically an ASP (expandable baton), straight stick, or PR-24 (side handled stick). Hoax bomb.

A device that:

  • reasonably appears to be an explosive or incendiary device; or
  • by its design causes alarm or reaction of any type by an official of a public safety agency or a volunteer agency organized to deal with emergencies.

Knife. Any bladed hand instrument that is capable of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by cutting or stabbing a person with the instrument.

Machine Gun. Any firearm that is capable of shooting more than two shots automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.

Necessary Force. The amount of lawful physical coercion sufficient to achieve a legitimate law enforcement objective and is objectively reasonable under the facts, circumstances, and alternatives confronting an officer at the time action is taken.

OC (Pepper) Spray. Pepper spray is an inflammatory agent/chemical spray. It results in the burning sensation and a closing of the eyes, inflaming muscle membranes, and burning sensation of the skin, and a sensation of not being able to breathe.

Presence of Mind. The ability to remain calm and take quick, sensible action.

Reasonable Force. See Necessary Force.

Seizure. The restraint of property by a peace officer

Short-Barrel Firearm A rifle with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or a shotgun with a barrel length of less than 18 inches, or any weapon made from a shotgun or rifle if, as altered, it has an overall length of less than 26 inches.

Situational Awareness. A foundation for successful decision-making across a broad range of situations viewed as “a state of knowledge”

Stun Gun. An electroshock weapon is a less-lethal weapon that utilizes an electric shock to incapacitate a target by either temporarily disrupting voluntary muscle control and/or through pain compliance. There are several different types of electroshock weapons.

Tactical Advantage. An action or plan which is intended to help someone achieve what they want in a particular situation.

Tire Deflation Device. A device, including a caltrop or spike strip, that, when driven over, impedes or stops the movement of a wheeled vehicle by puncturing one or more of the vehicle’s tires.

Two-Way Radio. A radio that can both transmit and receive.

Use of Force Model. A standard that provides law enforcement officers and civilians with guidelines as to how much force may be used against a resisting subject in a given situation.

Zip Gun. A device or combination of devices that was not originally a firearm and is adapted to expel a projectile through a smooth-bore or rifled-bore barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance.