L3 – 9.5 Compliance Techniques

Compliance Techniques

I   Pressure Point Manipulation

A pressure point is a point on the body to which one can apply pressure for therapeutic purposes, as in acupressure or reflexology, or for control purposes. There are two ways to manipulate these pressure points:

  1. Applying pressure
  2. Striking

Pressure application involves applying increasing pressure to a pressure point until the subject complies with given commands. The application process involves the following steps:

  1. Stabilize the area where pressure will be applied.
  2. Issue the subject verbal commands of control.
  3. Apply pressure to the pressure point until verbal commands are obeyed.
  4. Ease the pressure when the subject complies with the commands.

Note: It is important to let up the pressure when subjects comply with your commands, or you may cause them to escalate their resistance.

Striking application involves using the legs, hands, or forearms to strike a large muscle mass and induce a subject to comply with given commands. In delivery, you should strike in a way that allows the largest amount of force to transfer to the target. To do so, one must:

• rotate hip and body motion into the strike, and
• drive the technique into the mass of nerves your aiming at as hard as you can to cause disruption.

Striking application is normally used on pressure points located on the arms, legs, and torso areas.

II   Pressure Point Locations

There are numerous pressure point locations throughout the human body. This course will concentrate on the following for defensive tactics application.

Note: Consideration should be given to stay away from applying a pressure point technique to the head or neck area to minimize the possibility of restricting the airway.

a.    Top of the Shoulder

This pressure point is located about halfway between the shoulder and the neck along the top of the shoulder just inside the clavicle (Figure 9.3, left). There are two ways to manipulate the pressure point depending on where you are standing in relation to the individual (either at a 45° angle to the individual or behind the individual). To apply:

  1. Stabilize the subject by placing one hand on his/her shoulder (if at a 45° angle) or both hands (if behind).
  2. Place the tip of the thumb (if you are beside the subject) or the first two fingers (if you are behind the subject) into the notch.
  3. Apply pressure straight downward (Figure 9.3, right).

Figure 9.3: Left: Location—top of the shoulder. Right: Application—top of the shoulder.

b. Top of the Forearm

This pressure point is located on top of the forearm, just below the elbow (Figure 9.4). The best manipulation of this point involves application of a striking technique.

Figure 9.4: Location of pressure point on top of the forearm.

c.             Outside of the Thigh

This pressure point is located on the outside of the thigh, between the hip and the knee (Figure 9.5). The best manipulation of this point involves application of a striking technique.

Figure 9.5: Outside of the thigh

d.    Inside of the Thigh

This pressure point is located on the inside of thigh, halfway between the knee and the groin (Figure 9.6). The best manipulation of this point involves application of a striking technique.

Figure 9.6: Inside of the thigh

e.  Shin

This pressure point is located at the bottom of the shin, where it connects to the foot (Figure 9.7). The best manipulation of this point involves application of a striking technique.

Figure 9.7: Shin

F.  Calf

This pressure point is located at the top of the calf, just below the knee (Figure 9.8). The best manipulation of this point involves application of a striking technique.

Figure 9.8: Calf

G.   Pressure Point Manipulation Summary

Pressure point compliance techniques can be applied using either pressure or strikes. Pressure application involves applying increasing pressure to a pressure point until the subject complies with given commands. A security officer should become familiar with the location of each pressure point, as well as the proper method for manipulation.