L3R – 6.5 Cover and Concealment

Cover and Concealment

Cover and concealment are important factors to be aware of in your environment. Should an emergency take place, (like an active attack) knowing where cover and concealment are and how they work will help keep you and those you protect safe.

I Definitions

The concepts of cover and concealment are different yet complementary. They can be used singly or in concert with each other.

Cover: Any material that can reasonably be expected to stop the travel of a bullet fired from small arms such as handguns, shotguns, and rifles that provides an adequate level of protection from danger/injury
(e.g. brick walls, automobile engine). Cover is typically hardened, thick, bulky material.

Concealment: Hides you from view but without protection. Any object that prevents a person from seeing you is concealment. A thick bush, a closed set of window blinds, or a curtain all qualify as concealment.

II Examples

a. Cover

Examples of cover you might typically find in or around your work area include:

  • Brick walls/columns
  • Vehicles (behind engine block)
  • Utility poles
  • Dirt embankments
  • Concrete barriers (highways)
  • Large tree trunks
  • Large appliances

Note: It is wise to pop out from cover from different spots. When shooting from behind cover, if you pop out from the same spot continuously, it makes it easier for the attacker to hit you.


b. Concealment

Examples of concealment you might find in or around your work area include:

  • Shrubs/hedges
  • Branches
  • Wooden fences
  • Sheetrock walls
  • Vehicle doors
  • Furniture

Remember, concealment refers to you not being seen. It does not protect you from incoming fire. Be sure and train to shoot from cover and concealment. Always be aware of what you can use as cover and concealment in your area; it will help keep yourself and those around you safe.